Surgery Without Anaesthesia

I played football for the first time in a while a few weeks ago. As usual when I play, I ended up picking up some slight injury – this time a bleeding leg.

On cleaning up the wound when I got home, I was in some pain once the adrenaline of the game had passed. However, I read a three word mantra the other day which was a stark reminder to be grateful for our current medical advances.

Surgery without anaesthesia.

For centuries, this was how surgery was carried out before the discovery of modern anaesthesia in the 19th century. Alcohol, opium and cannabis where often used prior to this, but even so, surgery would have been excruciatingly painful.

Whenever I get frustrated and ungrateful about something. I am trying to remember.

Surgery without anesthesia.