Metta is a term that comes from an ancient Indian language called Pali. It can be translated as “benevolence”, “friendship”, but is more commonly known as “loving kindness”.
Here is a definition of the Buddhist practise:
Metta means to care and wish well for another being without judging them, to accept them independently of agreeing or disagreeing with them, and without wanting anything from them in return. It is a universal love that can overcome all social, religious, ethnic, political and economic barriers. As a result of metta, one can experience another state of the four Buddhist virtues: joy, a true happiness in another’s happiness.
It’s a practise that can be cultivated.
In the Theravada school of Buddhism, Metta is first cultivated toward oneself; then toward their beloved family, friends and masters; then toward their enemies; and, ultimately, toward all living beings.
It’s something I try and incorporate into my meditation practise and have found it to be very fruitful.